Self-driving specialist Optimus Ride, a start-up with origins at MIT, bases its autonomous vehicle concept on detailed mapping of a controlled area, artificial intelligence to “train” the vehicle and geofencing technology that limits the vehicle’s range. The combination of cameras, lasers, sensors and “machine vision” is the result of over ten years of development and has been successfully implemented in Boston and South Weymouth, Massachusetts, with more projects planned in California and Virginia. The Brooklyn Navy Yard, a 300-acre industrial park, is the first deployment of self-driving vehicles in New York State. Beginning August 7, 2019, a total of six Optimus Ride autonomous vehicles will transport an expected 500 passengers per day and more than 16,000 passengers per month.