According to USGS, coral reefs serve as useful indicators of the health of marine environments, but they are declining in many parts of the world. Geospatial data acquisition methods are providing a basic data layer from which to better understand how coral reefs are structured and function.
An international team that includes the University of Southampton’s Centre for Maritime Archaeology and other research and academic institutions, is surveying the Bulgarian waters of the Black Sea, where thousands of years ago large areas of land were inundated as the water level rose following the last Ice Age.
Examples of locational data enrichment in geospatial applications include forestry mapping that can now include analysis of trees and ground cover, topography, and even soil composition and moisture content.
Face it: sometimes your accuracy just hits the iceberg. We have seen error reports within 0.011 of a foot and we’ve seen them crest near 0.080 of a foot. The key to obtaining LiDAR accuracy is understanding the components.
Evolving technologies and expectations have blurred the traditional distinction between surveying and GIS. As a result, surveyors should expect to be asked to provide more GIS-ready data and GIS professionals should plan to provide positions with higher accuracy than previously required.
The PIPES Act of 2016 was signed into law on June 22, 2016. The purposes of the act are to protect the U.S. infrastructure of pipelines and to enhance public safety. PIPES requires certification, data management, testing and mapping of all types of the more than 2.6 million miles of buried energy pipelines across the country.