The PIPES Act of 2016 was signed into law on June 22, 2016. The purposes of the act are to protect the U.S. infrastructure of pipelines and to enhance public safety. PIPES requires certification, data management, testing and mapping of all types of the more than 2.6 million miles of buried energy pipelines across the country.
The topic of what 3D imagery is admissible in court is especially relevant for law enforcement, insurers, large companies and others that have vested interests in finding out who was liable or responsible for a crime or tortious injury.
One platform in particular that developers are packaging their sensors into for better indoor data acquisition mobility is the backpack. Other moveable options like rolling carts or trolleys exist, but they tend to have difficulty with stairs and sloped surfaces.
As an end-to-end process, BIM delivers much more functionality to users over the life of a project than stand-alone software. However, CAD will continue to play a role in architecture, engineering, construction and operation.
Building information modeling (BIM) seems to be on a constant upward trend in the architecture, construction and facility maintenance spaces. For geospatial professionals, it is a promising young area for software, hardware and service solutions.
Surveying, like other field-based work, is fraught with the need to go back to the office to reference on-premises documents or to check in on work requirements. As a result, there have been efforts by commercial providers to give workers in the field more complete access to research and documentation so they can cut down on trips back to the office.
Upon obtaining a degree in geography from the University of Dusseldorf in Germany about 10 years ago, Sandra Bond came to the U.S. as an exchange student to write her thesis on the San Andreas fault. “Then I just ended up staying,” she says. Now, a decade later, she has worked her way up to the role of geographer and LiDAR analyst with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
From a cost and labor standpoint, the beauty of BIM has always been its noninvasiveness. Architects and builders can see the electrical, plumbing, heating and cabling “bones” of structures in virtual renderings, and they can determine how to build around them with minimal disruption. Because BIM can plug into an assortment of other digital technologies, it also seems natural that to extend it to work with geospatial imagery and GIS in general.