Articles by Kristopher M. Kline PLS

The Case of the Conveniently Forgotten Easement

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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At first glance, these two cases would seem too dissimilar to be included in the same article. One tried in 1849, the other only a few years ago.


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How Practical is 'Practical Location'

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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Practical location is one member of a nebulous pantheon of principles (also including acquiescence, agreement, adverse possession and estoppel) by which the courts attempt to fix disputed boundaries on the ground. The original dispute might have been caused by overlapping (or nonexistent) surveys and deeds, or by the inevitable loss of original monumentation over time.
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Unmistakable Marks

How Practical is ‘Practical Location’

Understand the issues where you work
By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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Practical location is one member of a nebulous pantheon of principles (also including acquiescence, agreement, adverse possession and estoppel) by which the courts attempt to fix disputed boundaries on the ground. The original dispute might have been caused by overlapping (or nonexistent) surveys and deeds, or by the inevitable loss of original monumentation over time. One theory holds that practical location may be considered a holdover from a much earlier method of property conveyance, where a potential grantor and grantee would consummate the sale of a parcel by acts on the land itself, rather than by the more modern method of conveyance by writing.
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Doctrine of Merger: How Not to Create a New Easement

A look at some of the misconceptions that commonly arise after merged estates are re-divided.
By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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 At recent convention seminars in several states, one of the most contentious issues was the doctrine of merger. In particular, heated debates frequently arise over the necessity of creating a new easement after the original right was extinguished due to the operation of the doctrine of merger. This is a disturbing concept for many. How can an express grant of an easement that is clearly described in a recorded deed be considered void when the dominant and servient estate are presently under separate ownership? 


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Examining Adverse Possession in the United States

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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 The doctrine of adverse possession has a particular fascination for me, but interest in this topic goes far beyond the surveying profession. Attorneys, employees of government agencies and the general public all become enthusiastic when squatters’ rights or trespass are mentioned.  


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Unmistakable Marks

Go With the Flow

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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While major flooding is a staple for headlines on the national news, another common flooding problem is less spectacular but may be equally problematic for the property owner and the surveyor. Surface flow water has often been the source of disputes between adjoining property owners.


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Down to the River

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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Surveyors have long applied the rules of construction in interpreting deeds, wills and express grants of easements. Monuments generally control over measurements, with area at the bottom of the list. However, there are many other rebuttable presumptions the court may apply when considering the intent of the parties to a conveyance.
 


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Liberated Beavers and Cavorting Catfish

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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A student recently asked if court opinions ever discussed beavers and their propensity for obstructing streams and ditches.
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Don't Give Up on Acquiescence

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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Acquiescence can have many meanings, depending on the court in which the word is spoken.
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Doctrine of Merger

By Kristopher M. Kline PLS
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At the outset, it would appear that the doctrine of merger falls well within the province of the legal profession, but the land surveyor can glean valuable lessons--and thereby avoid some professional blunders--from an understanding of the various issues relating to this principle.
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HxGN Live

More than 3,500 attendees from more than 70 countries attended HxGN Live, the annual Hexagon AB user conference, at the MGM Grand Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas on June 3-6. About 450 keynotes and panel discussions were held, and several companies from around the world exhibited their geospatial products. Here are a few snapshots from the event.

9/30/14 2:00 pm EDT

Technical Workflows on the Job Site Using 3D Laser Scanning

The purpose of this webinar is to dig into different laser scanning workflows and techniques.

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POB September 2014

2014 September

In this September 2014 issue of POB, we take a look at a book that reveals how a rare-map dealer made millions stealing ancient maps. Also, discover the secrets of a 21st-century surveyor and how technology enables small surveying businesses to ease growing pains and maximize their potential.

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