Point of Beginning

Jeffress points to research needs

October 26, 2000
OSHA chief Charles Jeffress highlighted safety and health questions in need of well-researched answers at the recent National Occupational Injury Research Symposium in Pittsburgh:

  • What causes construction fatalities involving falls, electrocutions, “struck-by” incidents and trenching collapses? How can they be prevented?

  • How effective are fall protection programs in different types of construction: commercial, residential, industrial, heavy construction?

  • What strategies can construction employers use to reduce back injuries? How can contractors address awkward postures and heavy lifting?

  • What type of safety training is most likely to produce results?

  • Which training strategies, tools or techniques are effective — web-based videos, written materials, on-site classes?

  • How important is training interaction? Do students need direct and immediate contact with teachers? Which types of interaction are most effective for distance-based learning?

  • Should training vary, depending upon a worker's experience?

  • What's the most effective way for employers to train new hires?

  • Should employers use the same techniques or different ones to provide refresher training to current employees?

  • How can small businesses and ethnic groups receive safety and health training and information?

  • Is there are way to structure incentive programs so that they make a real difference — not just on paper but in the work environment?

  • Which positive approaches best protect workers and produce real injury and illness reductions?